You will teach your young child, before he is in school (but also after), at least as much knowledge and know-how that he will learn at school. But it is by being his parent and not his teacher that you will give him the most knowledge. Spontaneously, moreover, it is first to you that the child will ask a thousand and one questions …
Here are some keys to developing your child’s intelligence before primary school:
• Answer his questions and raise them from his personal world (what he can observe at home or on walks) and his interests. Go out with him to nature to teach him living.
• Take time (at least 10 minutes a day) to chat informally with no other activity.
• Do as many physical and athletic activities as you can with him to help control his body and his physical limits.
• Protect his sleep. It is during sleep that tools of intelligence are restored and acquisitions take their place.
• Read him stories, teach him nursery rhymes and ask him about what he understands. Ask him to tell you cartoons he’s watching. Give him some books even if he can not read yet.
• Promote your little one’s playing time, alone, with his friends or with you if you enjoy it, because it will promote his imagination and ingenuity. Privilege building games, graphic activities, puzzles, doll or character games, computer games on computer at expense of video games and especially television. Show him also what you read daily: posters in the street, program titles in TV magazines, or let him play on a computer word processor accompanying him. Use educational software with him as long as it is truly interactive and fun. It is not a question of forcing, because you could disgust school learning in the short or medium term.
• Introduce it to music, bring it to museum rather than cinema, get it involved in meal preparation or storage activities by presenting it as a hobby rather than a chore.
• Help him to find his bearings in time and space by regularly informing him about these notions. For example, teach him to use the calendar; tell him the names of
streets you take with him, and designate them on a map … Familiarize him with his family by locating each of its members in relation to others. Evoke the past with family photos or castle tours.
Above all, it is love to learn that you must pass on to him. The emotional ties that bind you to your child and parenting functions that you have will not make you the best teacher for your child, but thanks to all that you transmit to him and to the emotional and educational framework that you will offer him, he can make the most of what the school will bring.